A competitive examination is an examination where applicants compete for a limited number of positions, as opposed to merely having to reach a certain level to pass.
A comprehensive examination is a specific type of exam taken by graduate students, which may determine their eligibility to continue their studies.
In the UK an examination is usually supervised by an invigilator. The invigilator is responsible for the smooth running of the examination, and for ensuring that there is no cheating.
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Ancient China is the first country in the world that implemented the examination system nationwide for the selection of candidates of government officials. The ancient England adopted and modified this system, which later influenced other parts of the world and became the standard way (e.g.: regulations to prevent the markers…