In object-oriented programming, a class is a construct that is used to create instances of itself – referred to as class instances, class objects, instance objects or simply objects. A class defines constituent members which enable its instances to have state and behavior. Data field members (member variables or instance variables) enable a class instance to maintain state. Other kinds of members, especially methods, enable the behavior of class instances. Classes define the type of their instances.
A class usually represents a noun, such as a person, place or thing, or something nominalized. For example, a “Banana” class would represent the properties and functionality of bananas in general. A single, particular banana would be an instance of the “Banana” class, an object of the type “Banana”.
Classes are composed from structural and behavioral constituents. Programming languages that include classes as a programming construct offer support for various class-related features, and the…