These articles, with names ending in “Linux Concepts & Terms”, have been created to help you learn how to “speak geek” and understand Linux terms – and this will help you learn how to use Linux!
Linux Tips: Rather than just defining Linux terms, these articles will describe “related” Linux terms “in context”, while using the terms to describe Linux concepts. The end result is: “Translating Linux Geek-Speak into Clear Steps for Frustration-Free Mastery!”
Booting Linux to a Console or to a Desktop and Logging In to Linux
You can set up Linux to 1) boot to a console, also known as a virtual terminal – or 2) boot to a Linux desktop.
To use Linux, you must log in to Linux. You log in as a user at a login prompt at a console, or at a GUI login prompt, prior to going to a Linux desktop.
Booting Linux to a Linux Console
When you boot to a Linux console, you don’t see a Linux desktop or have access to a Linux desktop, you just see a black screen with a login prompt, and the login prompt looks similar to this: Login:
Linux Tips: Linux servers are very often installed and set up so that they boot to a Linux console (a Login: prompt) instead of a Linux desktop. In many situations, a Linux desktop is not required on a Linux server and so a desktop is not installed.
To run Linux commands to do Linux system administration, you log in as the user named root – at the Login: prompt at the console, not at a GUI login prompt prior to logging in to a desktop.
At the Login: prompt, you type in root and press Enter and then type in the password for the root user at the password prompt and press Enter.
Linux Tips: For security reasons, never log in to a Linux desktop as the root user. To work as the root user from a Linux desktop, log in to the desktop as a regular user, open a terminal emulation window and run the su command, with the – (dash) option.
The Linux terms: “Linux console”, “Linux terminal”, “Linux virtual terminal”, “vt” and “terminal emulation window” are also sometimes referred to as simply “terminal” or “console”.
Now imagine watching Linux video tutorials that show you how to: boot to a Linux console and log in to do Linux administration tasks, boot to a Linux desktop and open a terminal emulation window, and how to go from a Linux desktop to a virtual terminal – and that also explain the “why” of it all!
Nice, calm, relaxed, step-by-step, and showing you everything you need to know – and explaining all the Linux concepts and terms along the way – easy Linux training all the way!
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You need to learn Linux the easy way to get that new job, qualify for that next promotion, earn a hefty raise, get Linux certification, or keep your current job because your company is trying to save on software licensing fees (eza). Watch, do, and learn!
Clyde Boom, Author and Expert Trainer with 20+ Years of Training Successes. Explains intricate technical matters in an easy-to-understand, non-technical manner, with tens of thousands of software and hardware learners into masters.