Mono

Mono is a free and open source project led by Xamarin (formerly by Novell and originally by Ximian) to create an Ecma standard compliant .NET Framework-compatible set of tools including, among others, a C# compiler and a Common Language Runtime.
The stated purpose of Mono is not only to be able to run Microsoft .NET applications cross-platform, but also to bring better development tools to Linux developers. Mono can be run on many operating systems including Android, BSD, iOS, Linux, OS X, Windows, Solaris, Unix, and some for game consoles such as PlayStation 3, Wii, and Xbox 360.
The logo of Mono is a stylized monkey’s face, mono being Spanish for monkey.
When Microsoft first announced their .NET Framework in June 2000 it was described as “a new platform based on Internet standards”, and in December of that year the underlying Common Language Infrastructure was published as an open standard, “ECMA-335” – opening up the potential for independent implementations. Miguel de Icaza of…